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How To Fill Out The New W-4 Form

how-to-fill-out-the-new-w-4-form

Each year, the Internal Revenue Service issues a new W-4, and each year, many people don’t bother to fill it out.

This happens despite the fact that there are significant things that can occur in any given year that might influence how you fill out a W-4. We’d argue that reviewing Form W-4 annually is an excellent habit for just about anyone, even if it’s not a federal requirement.

In this post, we’ll provide a quick overview of the new 2020 W-4 for both employers and employees. We’ll show you exactly how to fill out the W-4, and walk you through the new W-4 worksheets and tax withholding estimator. 

Why should anyone care about the new W-4? The new form is designed to make withholdings more accurate. Taxpayers who fill out the 2020 form are less likely to wind up with a large tax bill or a giant refund when they file tax returns in 2021—money that could have been invested or spent on essential expenses throughout the year.

Updating your withholding amount is always optional, although the IRS recommends that employees revisit their W-4 forms every year.

An employer’s guide to the 2020 W-4

This section explains the biggest W-4 changes employers need to know about.

What’s new about Form W-4?

Many employees who have not had significant life changes like getting married or having kids have probably not filled out a W-4 in a LONG time. That’s why we recommend that you remind your team about the importance of reviewing their withholding every year. In addition, any newly hired employees in 2020 must fill out the redesigned W-4. 

If that isn’t reason enough to revisit Form W-4, with the passage of the Tax Cuts & Jobs Act (TCJA) in 2017, major changes to employee withholding came to pass. Those changes affected many taxpayers in many ways, and they’re still taking place in 2020. 

 

1. The Name

Historically, Form W-4’s title was “Employee’s Withholding Allowance Certificate.” The 2020 Form W-4 no longer calculates “allowances,” so the title has been shortened to “Employee’s Withholding Certificate.”

2. Removal of Personal Allowances Worksheet

The Personal Allowance Worksheet from page three of the old Form W-4 is now gone. This is because the TCJA eliminated personal exemptions. These exemptions allowed for deductions against a taxpayer’s personal income, which reduced their taxable income, and therefore, their federal income tax. These exemptions were tied to allowances, but since exemptions are now gone, the need to determine the number of allowances is gone too. 

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The 5 steps in the new Form W-4

This section explains the biggest W-4 changes employers need to know about.

What’s new about Form W-4?

Let’s dig into each step so you can successfully guide your employees through the new 2020 W-4 form.

Step 1: Enter Personal Information

This step must be completed by all employees. If an employee does not fill out the form, you are required to calculate their withholding as “Single” so you can withhold their taxes at the higher “Single” rate.

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Step 2: Multiple Jobs or Spouse Works

The message before step two gives instructions on where to find guidance for any employees who may be exempt from withholding. If your employee asks, direct them to that language, outlined below.

This message also instructs any employees who do not need to fill out steps two through four to step five, which everyone must complete.

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For step 2, employees only need to complete option (a), (b), or (c). Options (a) and (b) will take employees away from the form itself, while option (c) can be done right on the form.

The IRS has stated that option (a) will give employees the most accuracy and privacy of the three since the new withholding estimator will compute all the relevant entries for the form. Option (b) also provides accuracy but requires manual work, and (c) is the least accurate since it assumes the jobs have similar pay, but it’s the easiest to complete.

Step 3: Claim Dependents

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The TCJA changed the law so more people would qualify for the child tax credit. Single taxpayers with an income of $200,000 or less ($400,000 if married filing jointly) are now eligible. Employees should pay attention to the definitions in IRS Publication 972 – Child Tax Credit if they’re looking to claim the credit.

Step 4: Other Adjustments

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This optional section is for various things that an employee may want to account for when considering their withholding. These areas include:

  • (a): Other income (not from jobs). Additional income that might not be subject to withholding, like retirement income or dividends.

  • (b): Deductions. This line is for deductions other than the standard deduction. This includes all itemized deductions like mortgage interest and charitable contributions minus the standard deduction. Remember that, in general, the standard deduction reduces a taxpayer’s adjusted gross income to arrive at taxable income. The greater of the standard deduction or itemized deductions will help reduce the amount of tax due. The 2020 standard deduction is $24,800 for married taxpayers filing jointly; $12,400 for single and married filing separately taxpayers; $18,650 for those filing as head of household.

  • (c): Extra withholding. Any extra withholding that the employee would like to withhold each pay period

Step 5: Sign the form

If your employee doesn’t complete this final step, the form is invalid.

 

 

An employee’s guide to the 2020 W-4

For 2020, all employees need to complete steps 1 and 5 in the new W-4. Steps 2, 3, and 4 are only completed if certain criteria apply. We’ll cover each of these steps in detail here.

How to fill out the new Form W-4

If you’re an employee, follow the steps below.

Step 1: Enter Personal Information

This is mostly unchanged. You will need to fill out your basic information: 1) Name; 2) Social Security number; 3) Address; 4) City/town, state, and ZIP; 5) Filing status. Nothing too complicated. 

Here’s what it looks like:

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Below the personal information fields in Step 1, there are Steps 2 through 4. Most likely, these steps won’t apply to you if you’re single with only one job or you’re married and your spouse doesn’t work.

Step 2: Multiple Jobs or Spouse Works

This section addresses the “Two Earners/Multiple Jobs Worksheet” from the 2019 W-4 form. Most commonly, this step is for anyone who has more than one job or is married filing jointly and whose spouse works. 

Checking box 2(c) tells your employer that you have multiple jobs. If you don’t want to disclose that fact, don’t check the box.

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In this step, the form notes that individuals with multiple jobs should complete Form W-4 with the information from their highest-paying job. That should result in the most accurate withholding.

If you work more than one job, steps 3 through 4b should only be completed on one W-4 form.

Step 3: Claim Dependents

This section determines your eligibility for the child tax credit. It’s a relatively simple step to complete:

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The TCJA changed the law so more people would qualify for the child tax credit. Single taxpayers with an income of $200,000 or less ($400,000 if married filing jointly) will be eligible. 

Your number of qualifying children under age 17 multiplied by $2,000 will go into the first box. The number of other dependents multiplied by $500 will go in the second box. The sum of those two numbers will go on line 3.

Step 4: Other Adjustments

This section is for various things you may want to account for. 

Here’s what it looks like:

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These areas include: 

  • (a): Other income (not from jobs). Additional income that might not be subject to withholding, like dividends or retirement income.

  • (b): Deductions. Itemized deductions like mortgage interest and charitable contributions that will exceed your standard deduction

  • (c): Extra withholding. Any extra withholding that you would like to withhold each pay period.

Step 5: Sign the form

Keep in mind that if you don’t sign the form, it’s invalid. That means your employer will disregard your new W-4 selections and withholding, and instead calculate your withholding as “Single.”

New worksheets on Form W-4

Moving on. The new 2020 Form W-4 has only two worksheets, down from three on the 2019 form. We’ll cover both here so you can understand if you should use them, and why.

Multiple Jobs Worksheet

If you choose option b in Step 2, you will need to complete the Multiple Jobs worksheet. According to the IRS, this worksheet is less accurate than the tax estimator, but it provides the maximum amount of privacy.

Line 1
Line 1 is for anyone who has two jobs or is filing jointly with a spouse who also works.

Using the tables on page four, find the wages or salary for the “Higher Paying Job” in the column on the left (see below) and cross reference it with the amount of wages or salary from the “Lower Paying Job” in the columns moving left to right. 

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At the intersection of these two amounts is the figure you will enter on line 1.